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New research paper: Conceptualising and Measuring Adolescents’ Hedonic and Eudemonic Wellbeing

The #BeeWell wellbeing domains have been considered within the new research paper published : Conceptualising and Measuring Adolescents’ Hedonic and Eudemonic Wellbeing: Discriminant Validity and Dimensionality Concerns

You can read the research paper here – Devi Khanna, PHD at University of Manchester

‘Wellbeing’ can be defined and measured in many different ways. Commonly, there are two ways of thinking about wellbeing as ‘hedonic’, which considers wellbeing associated with immediate pleasure, moods and more cognitive aspects, or ‘eudaimonic’, which considers wellbeing associated with ideas of flourishing, functioning and even self-esteem and positive social relationships.  This paper looks at some of the wellbeing domains used in #BeeWell (positive affect, negative affect, life satisfaction, autonomy, self-esteem, optimism, friendships and social support) to see whether they can be grouped together into categories of hedonia and eudaimonia, or whether the questions asked in the survey are better thought of as encompassed by a more general idea of wellbeing. We test three models, one that looks at each domain together at one level (correlated model), one that groups them into separate higher-level hedonic and eudemonic factors (higher-order model), and one that considers each of the individual items also aligned with a general wellbeing factor (bifactor model). We find that the traditional ways of separating wellbeing as hedonic versus eudemonic does not apply; there is a disconnect between the theoretical ideas and the empirical reality. This work is therefore useful in thinking about how established theories and conceptualisations often guide the design of new measures and analyses of wellbeing, without the preliminary conceptualisation first being tested in different samples eg. that of adolescents.